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제목 석호익 원장 ‘베트남 ICT 성공조건’ 기조연설
행사일정 2006-06-29 등록일 2006.06.28
장소 베트남 호치민 조회 4016

석호익 정보통신정책연구원(KISDI) 원장은 오는 29일 베트남 호치민에서 개최하는 정보통신정책학회 하계정책세미나(주제 : KOREA-VIETNAM Cooperation in IT Industry)에서‘Vietnam's Road to IT Success shall meet that of Korea’라는 주제로 기조연설 한다.

석 원장은 이번 기조연설에서“전 세계에서 가장 빠른 통신시장의 성장을 보이고 있는 베트남의 경우, 지난 30년간 한국의 통신정책과 IT발전 과정이 좋은 참고가 될 것으로 확신한다”고 전제하고, 베트남 ICT 계획의 성공 요소로 ▲IT 인프라 건설 ▲시장 자유화 ▲신기술 도입 등 세 가지 원칙에 대해 설명할 예정이다.

<기조연설문 전문>

It is my great honor to be the keynote speaker
to open this very meaningful international seminar
for Korea-Vietnam Telecommunications policy cooperation.

I would like to thank and congratulate
Professor Lee Kwang Chul and the KATP
for organizing this event.

Scholars of the KATP,
many of whom are former KISDI fellows,
and other institutional and business members
have been great partners
of KISDI and the telecommunications policy of Korea.

Together we shared our expertise,
and made a tremendous effort
to formulate the best possible policies
for many important areas.

I would like to express my respect
to President Tran Minh Tien
of NIPTS and its members.
I offer my sincere token of confidence
that NIPTS will be the birthplace
of many valuable market analyses
and policy recommendations
for the success of Vietnam's ICT sector
as KISDI has contributed
to the success of Korean ICT sector
as our policy think-tank.

In order to prepare for this speech,
I reviewed Vietnam's vision and plans
for its ICT industry
as the country's new engine
for economic development.

In particular,
I found the following three principles in Vietnam's plan
as main success factors
- Building out the infrastructure
- Liberalizing the market
- and Adopting new technologies.

I understand that
Vietnam's progress is already well under way.

And it took my thought back to the late 70's
when Korea was preparing
our own vision and plans.
While we were still at the very early stage,
we had great vision and determination.

Now, I see remarkable resemblance
between the master plans
of Vietnam and of Korea.
I can vividly imagine Vietnam's bright future.

From my 30 years of experience in this field,
I can assure you that
Korea took the similar road
for our remarkable success.

Building out the telecoms infrastructure
was the key policy objective for Korea
during the late 70's and early 80's.
During this early stage,
the Korean government's role was crucial
in raising funds for investment
through carefully designed policy measures.

Since the demand for telephone-lines were high
compared to the supply,
Korea first took the approach
to extract the value
by high tariff rates
which, in turn,
was ardently put back to investment
to create more value.

The government also issued the ‘Telephone-Bond'
as another source of investment fund
for the telecommunications infrastructure.

Once the infrastructure was in place
to serve the entire country,
the tariff was lowered
to maximize user benefits
and, as a result, Korean users now enjoy
one of the lowest rates in the world.

I am very glad to find
that Vietnam is progressing swiftly in this area.

Once the basic infrastructure is firmly in place,
we may address the next issue of
market liberalization.

Market liberalization
in accordance with the global standard
is critical.

Korea's involvement in
WTO telecommunications service negotiations
and our efforts
to follow the textbook approach
to a more competitive market environment
turned out to be another success factor.

The fruit of competition was sweet and rewarding,
albeit a very difficult process.

We had to work hard
to take advantage of the full benefit
of liberalization and competition
while maneuvering the soft-landing
by absorbing the shock
from transforming a government-run monopoly
into a competitive market.
I should laude Vietnam's current efforts
in WTO negotiations
and liberalization policy.
This is another area that
Korea-Vietnam cooperation will be mutually beneficial.

One aspect that
Korea takes pride in competition policy
is the concept of
“facilities-based” competition,
especially in the area of
mobile and broadband services.

Korea had a vision that
contents, networks, and manufacturing
form a ‘virtuous cycle.'

Since there should be a starting point
for the virtuous cycle to turn,
Korean policy chose
the network investment
as a catalyst.

Service operators' competition
in advanced networks
directly benefit the manufacturing sector.

At the same time,
The content industry blossoms
in order to take advantage of these networks.

It is closely related to the infrastructure build-out
because it aims to maximize
the effect of a market mechanism
through competition
in achieving a desirable level of investment
for the advancement of the networks infrastructure.

Having mentioned the advancement of
network infrastructures,
I would turn our attention
to the next important policy area
? Technological advancement.

Korea is one of the most advanced countries
in telecommunications technologies.

But, there was a time when
Korea lagged behind in technology
for the world standard.

But the development of TDX
the local exchange equipment,
from 1981 and throughout the 80's,
provided us with confidence.

Then we pursued advancement in
IP-based technology and CDMA
during the 90's and in this 21st century.

Now Korea is the very first country
to launch the HSDPA service.

Korea is about to launch WiBro,
a home-grown technology
which provides broadband internet services with mobility.

Telecommunications technology is fast evolving.
This means that
an old technology easily becomes obsolete
and replaced by
newer and more advanced ones.

And this is the very aspect
that allows developing countries a chance
to “leap-frog” over more developed countries.

By-passing the old and obsolete technology
and directly investing
in the more advanced technology
allow cost savings and advancement
at the same time.

I may say that
we are very proud of Korea's advancement in technology

Vietnam is known as
one of the fastest-growing
telecommunications markets in the world,

I can vision Vietnam will be successful as well
in the near future.

Korea represents
the success case in telecommunications
and our case is much discussed around the world.

Especially, it is a model
for many developing countries.

There are so many detailed topics
Korea and Vietnam should discuss together.

But, due to the lack of time given to me,
I will leave the detailed discussion
to the later sessions.

I would like to turn our attention
to the cooperation part of this international seminar.

ASEAN+3 already serves
as an important international forum
that provides the economic relationship
for Korea and Vietnam.

Within this important economic bloc,
success and growth of one economy
will benefit all the members
by increased gains from trade
and welfare gains.

At different levels of the telecommunications sector,
there have been numerous cooperation activities.

Korean Telecommunications operators
have been making investment in Vietnam
- SKT, in mobile services
- KT, infrastructure building.
- And Samsung in manufacturing

As market liberalization advances,
more business cooperation will benefit both countries in the future.

“IT Human Resource Development,”
“Korea internet volunteers,”
and the “Information Access Center for City of Hanoi”
are a few examples of cooperation
conducted at government and public level.

There are our efforts to bridge the digital divide
and exchange information
as well as to develop professional network
for further cooperation.

I would like to emphasize, in particular,
the importance of human resource development
and knowledge exchange aspect
of cooperation.

After all, in the center of
any business enterprises,
technological advancement,
and policy implementation,
proper expertise and man power are
very essential elements.

While all levels of training programs
and knowledge exchange
have their respective merits,
today's seminar has special significance
because this is a new forum
of Korean and Vietnamese experts
in terms of growth in the telecommunications sector
and related policy making.

I am hopeful that
today' discussion becomes the beginning
of many productive discussions
for the future of Korea-Vietnam cooperation
instead of being the single term event.

KISDI is an integral part of the KATP.
I realize that NIPTS is an integral part
Of Vietnamese experts and scholars.

Therefore, cooperation between
KISDI and NIPTS should continue
among all other cooperation activities.

I thank every participant and organizer
for your efforts and enthusiasm.
And I wish you all health and success.

Thank you.

문의 : 정책홍보팀 김혜영 팀장(02-570-4421, young@kisdi.re.kr)

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