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창조경제 중장기 발전전략 연구
제목 창조경제 중장기 발전전략 연구
저자 김정언 ·나성현· 임준· 염수현· 김용재· 이경선· 김규남· 조유리· 최충· 공영일· 김민식· 이경남· 정현준· 강유리· 진홍윤· 허유민· 정원준· 이원태· 김민철· 박유리· 김원중· 정성영 조회 8880
게재지 정책연구 권호 정책연구 14-02
언어 Kor 페이지 1-377 (총 377 pages)
PDF pdf열기창조경제 중장기 발전전략 연구 발행일 2014.02.10
분류정보 방통융합 > 융합정책
미래전략 > 미래사회ㆍ문화
□ 연구의 필요성
◦ 우리나라는 산업화, 민주화를 거치면서 빠른 속도로 경제성장을 이루었으나, 양적 성장에 치중한 나머지 삶의 질 등 질적 성장은 미흡
- 경제성장에도 불구하고 국민 행복 수준은 여전히 낮은 상황
※ 국민행복지수: 우리나라 국민의 행복지수(Happiness Index)는 10점 만점에 4.2점으로 OECD 34개 회원국 중 32위로 평균(6.23점)에도 크게 못 미치는 수치(OECD, 2012)
◦ 최근 문제로 대두되고 있는 잠재성장률 하락, 일자리 부족, 재정적자와 투자의 감소 등을 해결하고, 삶의 질 증진을 동시에 달성하기 위한 국가발전전략이 시급
◦ 박근혜 정부는 2013년 6월 ‘창조경제 실현계획’을 확정하고, 창조경제 생태계 조성을 위해 “창조경제를 통한 국민행복과 희망의 새 시대 실현”을 비전으로 제시
◦ 정부는 성장률 제고와 일자리 창출에 초점을 둔 ‘창조경제’를 새 시대의 국정목표로 제시하고 ‘창조경제실현계획(2013. 6)’을 발표, 이의 연장선상에서 구체적인 실행 계획과 중장기적 관점의 전략 마련 필요
□ 연구개발의 목적: 창조경제 중장기 발전전략 수립 추진

◦ 창조경제 구현을 위해서는 경제사회 구조와 패러다임 변화에 따른 새로운 정책수요에 대응할 필요가 있으나, 중장기 발전전략의 부재로 인한 일관성 있는 정책 수립이 미흡
- 창조경제 중장기 발전전략 수립 지원을 통해 한국경제의 체질 개선과 지속가능한 성장을 위한 지원이 요구되는 시점임
요약문 ············································································································································ 5
제 1 장 서 론 ···························································································································· 67
제 1 절 연구의 필요성 및 목적 ······························································································· 67
1. 연구의 필요성 ···················································································································· 67
2. 환경변화 ····························································································································· 67
3. 창조경제 중장기 발전전략 수립 ························································································ 69
4. 창조경제 중장기 발전전략 수립 추진체계 ········································································· 71
5. 기대효과 ····························································································································· 72
제 2 장 한국경제의 성과와 주요요인 ························································································· 73
제 1 절 한국경제의 성과 ········································································································· 73
1. 한국 경제의 성장전략과 성과 ···························································································· 73
제 2 절 한국경제 성과의 주요 요인 ························································································ 79
1. 한국경제의 성공 요인 ········································································································ 79
제 3 장 한국경제의 현황과 문제점 ····························································································· 81
제 1 절 국제 경쟁력 분석 ········································································································ 81
1. 국제 경쟁력 현황 ··············································································································· 81
2. 주요 국가경쟁력 지수 ········································································································ 83
제 2 절 거시경제 전반 ············································································································· 93
1. 성장 ···································································································································· 93
2. 고용 ···································································································································· 97
3. 산업 ·································································································································· 100
4. 과학기술 ··························································································································· 105
5. ICT ··································································································································· 111
6. 중소벤처 ··························································································································· 117
제 3 절 사회 ․ 복지 ·················································································································· 123
1. 인구구조 ··························································································································· 123
2. 복지지출 ··························································································································· 126
제 4 장 창조경제의 부상과 관련 정책 ······················································································ 130
제 1 절 창조경제 개념에 대한 주요 논의 ·············································································· 130
1. 창조경제 부상 배경 ·········································································································· 130
2. 창조경제 개념 ·················································································································· 131
제 2 절 창조경제 관련 주요 국가들의 정책 ·········································································· 137
1. 정책 추진배경 및 전략 ···································································································· 137
2. 주요 국가들의 정책 ·········································································································· 138
제 3 절 우리나라의 창조경제 추진 현황과 주요 정책 ·························································· 142
1. 한국 경제의 지속적인 성장을 위한 전략: 성숙한 창조경제 구현 ··································· 142
2. 창조경제 실현계획 ··········································································································· 142
3. 우리나라 창조경제 관련 주요 정책 현황 ········································································· 146
제 5 장 창조경제 중장기 발전전략 기본방향 및 추진전략 ······················································ 160
제 1 절 기본방향 ···················································································································· 160
제 2 절 추진전략 ···················································································································· 167
제 6 장 창조경제 중장기 발전전략 주요 분야별 추진과제 ······················································ 171
제 1 절 R&D ·························································································································· 171
1. 환경변화 ··························································································································· 171
2. 현황 및 문제점 ················································································································· 181
3. 주요 이슈 ························································································································· 188
4. 추진과제 ··························································································································· 200
제 2 절 중소벤처 ․ 창업 ··········································································································· 209
1. 환경변화 ··························································································································· 209
2. 현황 및 문제점 ················································································································· 211
3. 주요 이슈 ························································································································· 230
4. 추진 과제 ························································································································· 234
제 3 절 인력양성 ···················································································································· 238
1. 환경변화 ··························································································································· 238
2. 현황 및 문제점 ················································································································· 241
3. 주요 이슈 ························································································································· 254
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4. 기본방향 ··························································································································· 258
5. 추진과제 ··························································································································· 258
제 4 절 창조문화 ···················································································································· 267
1. 환경변화 ··························································································································· 267
2. 현황 및 문제점 ················································································································· 271
3. 주요 이슈 ························································································································· 285
4. 추진 과제 ························································································································· 287
제 5 절 성장동력 ···················································································································· 294
1. 환경변화 ··························································································································· 294
2. 성장동력정책 연혁 ··········································································································· 297
3. 주요 이슈 ························································································································· 312
4. 추진 방향 ························································································································· 314
참고문헌 ····································································································································· 316
(부 록) ········································································································································ 326
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