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ICT 생태계 발전 및 All-IP 네트워크로의 전환에 따른 통신사업 규제체계 재정립 방안 연구
제목 ICT 생태계 발전 및 All-IP 네트워크로의 전환에 따른 통신사업 규제체계 재정립 방안 연구
저자 이종화 ·변정욱· 송용택 조회 9547
게재지 정책연구 권호 정책연구 14-21
언어 Kor 페이지 1-103 (총 103 pages)
PDF pdf열기ICT 생태계 발전 및 All-IP 네트워크로의 전환에 따른 통신사업 규제체계 재정립 방안 연구 발행일 2014.11.30
분류정보 통신 > 통신정책
IT산업 > IT산업ㆍ시장
공정경쟁 > 경쟁ㆍ규제
1. 제 목
ICT 생태계 발전 및 All-IP 네트워크로의 전환에 따른 통신사업 규제체계 재정립 방안연구
2. 연구 목적 및 필요성
최근 통신환경이 서킷 기반에서 패킷 기반으로 전환되고 네트워크의 All-IP화 진전에 따라 서킷기반 네트워크 중심의 규제제도 프레임워크를 패킷 중심으로 수정해 갈 필요가 있다. 장기적으로는 융합에 따른 모든 방송통신 규제제도를 하나의 수평규제의 틀 안에서 통합할 필요가 있다. 특히 2013년 ICT진흥특별법 및 후속정책 등을 고려하여 기간통신 사업자와 이용자 관계 중심의 통신규제체계를 기간통신 및 부가통신사업자 간의 관계로 확대하여 지속가능한 생태계 발전을 위한 정책로드맵을 수립하는 것이 본 보고서의 목표이다.
3. 연구의 구성 및 범위
본 연구는 2007년 발표된 통신규제 로드맵 이후 변화된 통신환경을 반영하는 중장기적인 통신정책방향을 수립하는 데 있다. 이를 위해서 통신환경의 변화 및 이에 대한 외국 규제기관의 접근 전략을 분석하여 중장기 정책방향을 제시하고 있다. 스마트폰 대중화 이후 나타난 모바일 생태계에 대한 정책적 대응방안과, 역무 ․ 사업자 분류, 진입제도, 요금규제, 상호접속, 보편적서비스 등 기존의 통신정책에 대한 진단과 정책목표를 정하는 것이 본과제의 범위이며 전기통신사업법과 방송법과의 통합은 본 과제의 범위를 벗어난다.
4. 연구 내용 및 결과
우선 국내외 ICT 생태계 발전 동향을 분석하고 있다. 최근 이슈가 되고 있는 ICT 생태계 모형을 분석하고, All-IP로 진화하는 네트워크 환경변화에 대하여 검토하고 있다. 다음으로 국내외 규제기관의 대응 전략을 분석한다. 해외 주요국의 통신정책 및 ICT 산업 진흥 정책 동향을 분석하고 국내 통신정책 및 ICT 산업 진흥 정책을 분석하고 있다.
중장기 통신정책을 수립하고 전기통신사업법 개정방안을 도출하여 통신시장의 장기적인 발전을 모색하는 것이 본과제의 우선적인 목표이다. 그리고 정보통신 진흥 및 융합 활성화 등에 관한 특별법의 목표인 ‘ICT 산업의 진흥’ 측면을 중심으로, ICT 환경변화를 고려한 「전기통신사업법」상의 통신정책 수립방안을 도출하여 국정목표의 일관성을 높일 수 있는 정책방안을 제언하고자 하였다.
5. 정책적 활용 내용
본 연구는 ICT 생태계 속에서의 중장기 통신정책의 비전과 기본방향을 제언함으로써, 향후 통신정책이 지향해야 할 방향성을 제시하였다. 특히, C-P-N-D 생태계속에서 통신시장의 환경을 진단하고, 현재까지의 통신정책을 평가하는 정책적 연구를 진행하였다. 뿐만 아니라 해외 주요국의 ICT 산업진흥 측면에 규제개선 사례를 살펴보았다.
결과적으로 본보고서는 통신정책의 방향성을 제시해주는 중장기 로드맵수립에 활용될 것으로 기대되며, 향후 세부 정책수립에 도움이 되는 기초자료로 활용될 것을 기대한다.
6. 기대효과
본 연구는 ICT 생태계 발전과 All-IP 네트워크로의 전환하는 과정에 필요한 통신정책의 청사진을 제시함으로써, 우리나라가 세계 최고의 ICT 생태계를 조성하는 데 초석이 될 것으로 기대된다.
요약문 ·····························································································································ⅸ
제 1 장 서 론 ··················································································································· 1
제 1 절 연구의 배경 및 목적 ······················································································· 1
제 2 절 주요 연구내용 ································································································· 2
제 2 장 ICT 생태계 발전과 통신환경 변화 ······································································ 3
제 1 절 ICT 생태계 형성과 통신환경 변화 ································································· 3
1. ICT 생태계 출현에 따른 시장환경 변화 ······························································· 3
2. 데이터 중심 시대로의 변화 ··················································································· 5
3. 이용행태의 변화 ····································································································· 8
4. IoT의 발전 ··········································································································· 10
제 2 절 All-IP환경으로의 진전 ·················································································· 11
1. All-IP화의 개념 ··································································································· 11
2. All-IP의 구조 및 특징 ························································································· 12
3. All-IP의 영향 ······································································································· 14
제 3 절 국내 통신환경의 변화 ··················································································· 15
1. 통신시장의 포화 현상 및 패러다임 변화 ···························································· 15
2. 기간통신 시장의 둔화 및 부가통신시장의 성장 ·················································· 17
3. 요금 수준 ············································································································ 19
4. 네트워크 품질 수준 ······························································································ 20
제 3 장 국내 통신정책 분석 ························································································ 22
제 1 절 통신환경 변화에 따른 통신정책 동향 ··························································· 22
1. 개 요 ···················································································································· 22
2. 연혁별 정책 동향 ································································································· 23
제 2 절 현 통신정책의 성과 분석 ·············································································· 27
1. 성과분석의 필요성 및 방법 ················································································· 27
2. 역무분류 및 사업자분류 제도 ·············································································· 29
3. 시장진입 평가 ······································································································ 31
4. 경쟁상황평가의 평가 ···························································································· 32
5. 소매요금 규제 ······································································································ 33
6. 상호접속 평가 ······································································································ 34
제 4 장 IP화 진전에 따른 해외 주요국의 통신정책 동향 ············································ 36
제 1 절 미국: FCC 전략 계획 ···················································································· 36
1. 수립 배경 ············································································································· 36
2. 전략계획 수립 동향 ······························································································ 36
3. 전략계획 2014~2018 세부 내용 ············································································ 38
제 2 절 EC: 단일 통신시장 구축 ··············································································· 46
1. 수립 배경 ············································································································· 46
2. 법적 근거 및 규제 원칙 ······················································································· 46
3. 규제 내용(안) ······································································································· 48
제 3 절 Ofcom: 연간계획 2014/15 ············································································· 50
1. 수립 배경 ············································································································· 50
2. 주요 추진분야의 세부 내용 ················································································· 52
제 4 절 총무성: 2020 정보통신 정책방향 ·································································· 54
1. 수립 배경 ············································································································· 54
2. 2020년대를 향한 목표의 방향 ·············································································· 55
3. ICT 기반을 활용한 신사업 ․ 신 서비스 창출 ······················································· 56
4. 공정경쟁 강화를 통한 세계최고 수준의 ICT 환경 실현 ····································· 58
5. 편리하고 안심하게 사용할 수 있는 ICT 환경의 정비 ········································ 61
6. 적절한 행정적 운영 등 ························································································ 63
제 5 절 정책분야별 해외 규제기관의 시사점 ···························································· 64
1. 네트워크 고도화 및 보편적 서비스 제도에 대한 시사점 ···································· 64
2. All-IP로의 이전에 대한 시사점 ··········································································· 65
3. 주파수 정책에 대한 시사점 ················································································· 66
4. 이용자 정보제공 강화에 대한 시사점 ·································································· 67
5. ICT 생태계 진흥정책에 대한 시사점 ·································································· 68
제 5 장 중장기 통신정책 로드맵(안) 제시 ····································································· 70
제 1 절 중장기 통신정책 방안 수립의 필요성 ··························································· 70
1. ICT 생태계 등장에 따른 갈등구조 확산 ···························································· 70
2. 네트워크 투자 여력 약화 ··················································································· 72
3. 기존 정책수단의 한계 ·························································································· 73
4. 이용자 요구에 부합하는 정책대응 부족 ······························································ 74
제 2 절 중장기 통신정책의 방향성 제시 ··································································· 75
1. 통신정책의 방향성 정립 ······················································································· 75
2. ICT 정책관의 관계를 고려한 정책연계의 필요 ··················································· 76
제 3 절 중장기 통신정책 제시 ··················································································· 77
참고문헌 ························································································································· 80
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